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Area Of Pain

Main Muscles & Their Role

The muscles of the neck (posterior cervical) provide support for the head, which typically wieghs 8lbs, while a plethora of small muscles control facial expressions. 

Typical Symptoms

In addition to direct aching and sharp pains, neck-related problems can refer as headaches. A headache on one side, with pain between the eyes, or on top of your head and across the forehead could all be related to neck problems.

Typical Causes Of Pain

Postural habits, seemingly inconsequential, may well be the cause of your neck, head, or facial pain. These include holding your phone to your ear, thrusting of the head and neck forward (laptop) and reading in bed.

The extraordinary construction of the shoulder joint allows for its extensive range of motion, atypical of any other joint in the body. The muscles of the shoulder also interact with back muscles, often causing referred back pain

A persistent, dull ache in the shoulder and restricted arm movements are some of the direct symptoms. More subtle symptoms include back & side pain, and referred pain in the arms, elbow and hands.

Shoulders can be damaged by over-exertion, as in sports like tennis and in the gym, muscle overload (e.g. lifting heavy objects), incorrect posture (e.g. computer use) and prolonged, repetitive strain such as sleeping with arms above the head and arms folded across the chest.

The numerous muscles that lie in the area of the lumber spine or lower back, and that form the buttocks and hips, are involved in much of the heavy work we do e.g. bending, lifting, twisting.

The pain can be felt deep, aching, and unrelenting in the lower back and pelvic area. Very often the pain can be worse when standing, while sitting can be so uncomfortable that it feels as if you are sitting on a knife.

Prolonged, habitual activities associated with lifting, lying, sleeping and sitting can result in a sudden failure of muscles with intense pain. Alternatively, specific over exertion can result in lower back problems.

This group of muscles include the abdominal muscles, the erector spinae, quadratus lumborum and iliopsoas, the muscles of the posterior abdominal wall. Their actions provide all movement that takes place in the trunk/torso.

Immobility and stiffness of the trunk/torso. The back muscle erector spinae, when shortened, will refer pain to the low back and buttock, or upward in the back. Severe shortening and you might not be able to get out of a chair or climb stairs comfortably.

Immobility can be damaging to the musculature. Sitting for hours on a plane, in a car, or at a desk can easily lead to subsequent weakness and stiffness. Activiites such as golf, tennis & football, as well as bending and twisting, can lead to torso pain.

The elbow, arms and hands are  the means by which we work and play. The elbow is a complicated set of muscles and tendons, while the hand has over 28 small muscles to control fingers and movement.

Persistent aching and pain in the upper and lower arm area, stiffness in the fingers and lack of mobility in joints, like the elbow and wrist, are all typical symptoms.

Loss of grip is another common symptom.

Overuse and repetitive strain injuries are the main causes of the muscular pain that we experience in our arms and hands.

Extensive use of a mouse for computing or texting on a mobile phone can lead to muscular injury. Sports injuries are also a common cause.

Some of the body’s largest and most powerful muscles, and the longest, heaviest, and strongest bone in the body, the femur, are in this region. The iliopsoas, hip flexors, the hamstrings and quadriceps, the flexors and extensors of the knee, are all in play.

Aches on either or both hips, possibly with lower back pain, can indicate problems with thigh and hamstring muscles. Pain in the knee or foot associated with movement can be a sign of compromised muscles attached to the ligaments and tendons of the joints.

A fall down the stairs, an unexpected twist of the knee, excessive weight bearing are some of the mechanical dysfunctions that contribute to knee pain.

Limping, sitting cross-legged or overuse of muscles in jogging can all lead to leg and foot problems.

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